Consumer Health: Treating sarcoma

a white woman in a striped shirt near a computer keyboard holding her wrist because it's injured, sore, in pain

Sarcoma is the general term for a broad group of cancers that begin in the bones and soft tissues. Soft tissue sarcoma forms in the tissues that connect, support and surround other body structures. This includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons and the lining of your joints. There are more than 70 types of sarcoma.

Signs and symptoms of sarcoma include:

  • A lump¬†that can be felt through the skin, and that may or may not be painful.
  • Bone pain.
  • A broken bone that happens unexpectedly, such as with a minor injury or no injury at all.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Weight loss.

Sarcoma usually is treated with surgery to remove the cancer. Other treatments might be used before or after surgery, including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and ablation therapy. Your health care provider’s recommendation for you will depend on several factors, including the type of sarcoma, its location, how aggressive the cells are and whether cancer has spread to other parts of your body.

Here’s what you need to know about treating sarcoma.

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